SZCZEPANIK - (Jan Szczepanik)
Jan Szczepanik - self-taught, genius Polish inventor in the field of color photography and film, precursor of television and modern weaving.
I. Color camera (approx. 1898).
Camera designed by Jan Szczepanik was intended for taking photography in color, it worked on the principle of the division of the light spectrum into three parts (color separation). The division of the camera's light was accomplished by equipping camera with three fully reflective mirrors. System of mirrors and lenses distributed light inside the camera lens . The camera consisted of a lens "1," three individual camera bellows "2," and three light-sensitive film plates "3" – numbers refer to the picture at the top of the page.
Additive method made possible to take pictures in color (colored lights are added together to increase their brightness and to produce white light). Szczepanik’s camera was equipped with three filters in the primary colors, through which cameraman could take three photographic images simultaneously. The photographs were developed in the normal way and then copied (black and white). Photographs copied on glass or film could be displayed in the color on the screen using a projector - slide projector – similar in design to the one of the camera.
Cameras and slide projectors made by Szczepanik were shown during the First Polish Photographic Exhibition held in Krakow in 1901.
Schematic of the camera lens - drawing included with the patent documents
No: SJ / 20
II. Camera for taking photos of weaving schematics (approx. 1896 years).
Camera for taking photos of weaving schematics. Photo included in the book by Wladysław Jewsiewicki "Jan Szczepanik – Wielki wynalazca."
No: SJ / 10